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重金属对水生生物的毒性效应机制研究进展
发布时间:2019-12-19 9:11:57          浏览次数:206
 

金陵棋牌ZHAIYAO:SUIZHEWOGUOJINGJIDEKUAISUZENGZHANGHERENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDERIYITIGAO,YOUCICHANSHENGDEHUANJINGWURANWENTIYERIYITUCHU,QIZHONGSHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANYOUYUQIJUYOUWEIHAIDA、FENBUGUANG、CHIXUZHANGDENGTEDIANERBEISHOUSHEHUIGEJIEDEGUANGFANGUANZHU。ZHONGJINSHUWURANWUTONGGUOGAN、SHICHENJIANGDENGGEZHONGTUJINGSUIZHESHENGHUOWUSHUIHEGONGYEFEISHUIDENGJINRUSHUITI,BUJINDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUZAOCHENGJIDAYINGXIANG,HAIYANZHONGWEIXIERENLEIDESHENTIJIANKANG。ZONGSHULESHUITIZHONGJINSHUDEWURANXIANZHUANG,YIJISHUITIZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUDESHENGTAIDUXINGXIAOYINGJIQIJIZHI,BINGZHANWANGLEZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUSHENGTAIDUXINGXIAOYINGDEWEILAIYANJIUZHONGDIANHEFANGXIANG,WEIZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUDESHENGTAIDUXINGXIAOYINGJINYIBUYANJIUHESHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANDEHUANJINGZHILITIGONGCANKAO,TONGSHIKEWEIZHONGJINSHUDESHUIZHIJIZHUNHEFENGXIANPINGGUYANJIUTIGONGZHONGYAOLILUNYIJU。

金陵棋牌GUANJIANCI:ZHONGJINSHU;SHUISHENGSHENGWU;DUXINGXIAOYING;SHUIZHIJIZHUN;FENGXIANPINGGU

0 YIN YAN

ZHONGJINSHUYOUYUQICHIJIUXING、SHENGWUDUXING、BUKEJIANGJIEXINGHENENGJINRUSHIWULIANDETEDIAN,SHENZHIZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIAHAINENGYUMOUXIEYOUJIWUFASHENGFANYINGCONGERZHUANHUACHENGDUXINGGENGDADEJINSHU-YOUJIFUHEWURANWU[1],ZHENGCHENGWEIZUIYANZHONGDEHUANJINGWENTIZHIYI[2-3]。SHUISHENGSHENGWURUDONGWU、ZHIWUHEWEISHENGWUDENGDUIZHONGJINSHUYOUYIDINGDEJILEIHENONGSUOZUOYONG[4],DANDANGZHONGJINSHUDENONGDUHEDUXINGCHAOGUOSHUISHENGSHENGWUSUONENGCHENGSHOUDENENGLISHI,JIUHUIDUITAMENDEXIANGGUANZHIBIAOSHENZHISHENGMINGHUODONGDENGFANGMIANCHANSHENGYANZHONGDEDUXINGXIAOYING,TONGSHIHUIZAOCHENGYICHUANTUBIANHUOBIANYI,JINERCHANSHENGWUZHONGDUOYANGXINGJISHENGCUNFANGMIANDEGAIBIAN;YOUYUZHONGJINSHUKEYITONGGUOSHIWULIANZUIZHONGCHUANDIJIRENDENGGAOJISHENGWU,DUIRENTIJIANKANGYECHANSHENGYANZHONGWEIXIE,RUZHONGJINSHUJINRURENTIHOUBUYIBEIPAICHU,BINGBUDUANJILEI,YIDANCHAOGUORENTIDESHENGLIFUHESHI,JIUHUIYINQISHENGLIJIEGOUBINGBIAN,BINGDAOZHIJI、MANXINGHUOZHANGQIDEWEIHAI,RUZn、Cd、CH3Hg、Se、NiDENGJUYOUZHIJIXING。ZAIGAONONGDUZHONGJINSHUHUANJINGXIA,SHERUGUOLIANGDEZHONGJINSHUJIANGHUIYINQIZHONGDU,SHENZHIKENENGCHANSHENGYANZHONGHOUGUO[5]。

金陵棋牌SHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANSHIZHIHANYOUZHONGJINSHULIZIDEWURANWUJINRUSHUITIZAOCHENGDEWURAN[6],ZHUYAOBAOKUOPb、Cd、Cr、Hg、As、MnDENGDUXINGJIAOQIANGDEZHONGJINSHU,TONGSHIHAIBAOKUOCu、Co、Zn、Se、NiDENGYIBANDUXINGDEZHONGJINSHU[7]。SHUITIZHONGJINSHUDELAIYUANBAOKUOGONGYELAIYUAN、NONGYELAIYUANHECHENGSHIHUALAIYUAN,RULAIZIHUAGONG、DIANDU、CAIKUANGJIJINSHUYELIANDENGXINGYE,MEITAN、SHIYOUDENGHUASHIRANLIAODERANSHAO,QIFEIQIZHONGDEDALIANGZHONGJINSHUJINRUDAQIHOUZAITONGGUOJIANGYUDEXINGSHIJINRUSHUITI;HANZHONGJINSHUCu、As、Hg、PbDENGYUANSUDEHUAFEI、NONGYAOTONGGUONONGYEDESHIYONGJINRUTURANG,JINERJINGGUOYUSHUIDELINRONGDENGFANGSHIJINRUSHUITI;CHENGSHIHUAJINCHENGDEJIAKUAI,SHIDELAJIFENSHAO、QICHEWEIQIPAIFANGCHANSHENGDEZHONGJINSHUYENENGTONGGUOGANSHICHENJIANGDENGTUJINGJINRUSHUITI[8]。

金陵棋牌YOUYUSHUITIZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUJIRENLEIDEWEIHAIJIDA,ZHONGDUOZHUANJIAXUEZHEYIJINGKAIZHANLEZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUDESHENGTAIDUXINGFANGMIANDEYANJIU,YOUQISHIHg、Cd、Pb、Cr、AsDENGFEIBIXUYUANSUDUISHENGWUZAOCHENGDEJIXING、YAJIXINGYIJIMANXINGZHONGDUDENGDUXINGXIAOYINGYANJIU[9,10]。CIWAI,YEYOUYANJIURENYUANZUOLEZHONGJINSHUDUIRENTIHEDONGWUDUXINGHUOZHIAIFANGMIANDEYANJIU。JIEGUOBIAOMING:TONGGUOZHONGJINSHUFe、Cu、Cd、Cr、Hg、Ni、PbDENGDECIJIZUOYONGCHANSHENGDEHUOXINGYANG,HUIDUIJITICHANSHENGYIXILIEDUXINGXIAOYING,RUZHIZHIGUOYANGHUA、QIUJIDANBAIXIAOHAO,YUHEDANBAI、DNAFANYING,DUISHENGWUDAFENZIWUZHIZAOCHENGSUNSHANG[11]。JIYUCI,BENWENZONGSHULESHUITIZHONGJINSHUDEWURANXIANZHUANG,YIJISHUITIZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUDESHENGTAIDUXINGXIAOYINGJIQIJIZHI,BINGZHANWANGLEZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUSHENGTAIDUXINGXIAOYINGDEWEILAIYANJIUZHONGDIANHEFANGXIANG,KEWEIZHONGJINSHUDESHUIZHIJIZHUNHEFENGXIANPINGGUYANJIUTIGONGZHONGYAOLILUNYIJU。

金陵棋牌1 SHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANXIANZHUANG

金陵棋牌ZAIGUOQUDEJISHINIANLI,YOUYUGONGYEHUADEXUNSUTUIJIN,HANYOUZHONGJINSHUDEGONGYEFEISHUI、SHENGHUOWUSHUI、NONGYESHACHONGJIDENGBEIPAIFANGDAOSHIJIEHELIUHEHUBOZHONG,JINERZAISHUISHENGSHENGWUHECHENJIWUZHONGJILEI[12,13]。GUONEIWAIDUISHUITIZHONGDEZHONGJINSHUWURANZHUANGKUANGJUNYOUHENDUOBAODAO,WOGUOBUFENDIQUSHUITISHOUZHONGJINSHUWURANDEQINGKUANGBIJIAOYANZHONG,SHUITIDINIZHONGZHONGJINSHUWURANLVDADAO80.1%YISHANG,ERSHUITIZHONG99%DEZHONGJINSHUYIGEZHONGXINGTAICUNCHUZAIDIZHICHENJIWUZHONG,QIEJINNIANLAIDUOZHONGZHONGJINSHUWURANCHENGSHANGSHENGQUSHI[14]。XIEWENPINGDENG[15]ZAIYANJIUWOGUONANBUSHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANQINGKUANGSHI,FAXIANGUIZHOUSHENGDIBIAOSHUICUNZAIYANZHONGDEZHONGJINSHUCd、PbWURANXIANXIANG;ZHUSANJIAOQUYUSHUITIZHONGJINSHUCr、PbHEHgFENBIECHAOBIAO22.2%、11.1%HE5.6%。ZHANGLIDENG[16]YANJIULEHUADONGDIQURUFUJIANJIULONGJIANGLIUYUCHUXIANAsCHAOBIAOQINGKUANG,CHAOBIAOLVDADAO14.81%。

GUOWAIDUIHELIUSHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANYANJIUJIAOZAO,DUONAOHE、LAIYINHEDENGYICHENGWEISHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANDEZHONGDIANYANJIUDUIXIANG[17,18];TASIKEJIHU[19]、AIBULUOHESANJIAOZHOU[20]HEHEIHAI[21]DOUJIANCECHUDUOZHONGZHONGJINSHUCUNZAI;RahmanDENG[22]YANJIUBIAOMING,MENGJIALAGUODhakaJIAGONGQUNEIJIBangshiHEDESHUITIZHONGZHONGJINSHUPb、Cd、Cu、Zn、Mn、As、NiHECrDEHANLIANGHENGAO,YUANCHAOGUOWHOJIUSEPADEBIAOZHUN。KEJIAN,MUQIANSHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANWENTIYICHENGWEIYIGEQUANQIUXINGDEHUANJINGWENTI。

金陵棋牌2 SHUITIZHONGJINSHUDELAIYUANJIWEIHAI

2.1 SHUITIZHONGJINSHUDELAIYUAN

金陵棋牌ZIRANHUODONGLAIYUANHERENWEIHUODONGLAIYUANSHISHUITIZHONGJINSHUDELIANGDAZHUYAOLAIYUAN。QIZHONG,ZIRANHUODONGLAIYUANBAOKUOHAIYANGHUOSHANPENFAZAOCHENGDEZHONGJINSHUXIELOU,DIQIAOYUNDONG、YANSHIFENGHUA、TURANGQINSHI、GANSHICHENJIANGDENGFANGSHIYESHISHUITIZHONGJINSHUDEZHONGYAOLAIYUANTUJING;RENWEIHUODONGLAIYUANZHUYAOBAOKUOKUANGSHANCAIKUANG、YOUTIANKAICAI、DIANDUYEJIN、FEIJIUDIANQIYIJIHUAGONGCHANGFEISHUIDEPAIFANG,NONGYESHANGNONGYAOHUAFEIDENGDESHIYONG,BINGTONGGUOYUSHUICHONGSHUADENGFANGSHISHIDETURANGLIDEZHONGJINSHULIUSHI,JINERZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEPAIFANGDAOSHUITIZHONG,DOUHUIDUISHUITIHUANJINGZAOCHENGFEICHANGYANZHONGDEZHONGJINSHUWURAN[23]。SHUITIZHONGJINSHUJUYOUWURANLAIYUANGUANGFAN、TINGLIUSHIJIANMANZHANG,QIEJUYOULEIJIHEFUJINONGSUOTEXING,RONGYIYANSHIWULIANCHUANDI,WURANHOUBUYIBEICHAJUEJINANYIHUIFUDENGTEDIAN。

2.2 SHUITIZHONGJINSHUDEWEIHAI

金陵棋牌ZHONGJINSHUSHIYIZHONGYUANZIMIDU>5 g/cm3DEJINSHUHELEIJINSHU。YIXIEYOUDUZHONGJINSHURUNi、As、Cr、Zn、Cu、Cd、Co、PbDENG,HUIDUIHUANJINGCHANSHENGYANZHONGWEIHAI,Cd2+、Pb2+、Hg2+、Ag+HEAs3+DENGLIZIXINGSHIHESHENGWUZUZHIQIGUANFASHENGZUOYONG,XINGCHENGXIANGYINGDEYOUDUHUAHEWU,BANSUIZHEZHONGJINSHUSHENGWUFUJIHENONGDUDESHENGGAO,SUOBIAOXIANCHULAIDEDUXINGTEZHENGYEBUTONG,PEITIHEYANGHUATAIDUIZHONGJINSHUDESHENGWULIYONGXINGQIZHEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。RUGUOZHONGJINSHUDELEIJINONGDUHUOXIAOYINGDADAOYIDINGXIANZHISHI,YIZHIYUYINQIXIBAOXINCHENDAIXIEDEPOHUAI,CISHIJIUCHENGWEIYOUDUZHONGJINSHU[24]。JINSHUDEDUXINGXIAOYINGZHUYAOYINQIDANAOHESHENJINGXITONGGONGNENGSUNSHI,SUNHAIXUEYEHANLIANGYIJIGAN、PI、SHENZANGDENGQIGUAN,CONGERZAOCHENGSHENTISHUAIRUO、JIYILIJIANTUI、PIFUGUOMIN、GAOXUEYADENGZHENGZHUANG[25]。JIYUCI,SHIJIEGEDIDEWEISHENGZUZHIZHENGZAIZHUAJINYANJIUZHONGJINSHUDEDUXINGJILI,RUOGANGUANLIJIGOUYEYITONGGUOLEHANZHONGJINSHUFEISHUIPAIFANGDEBIAOZHUNXIANZHI。YANJIURENYUANYEDALIKAIZHANZHONGJINSHUFEISHUICHULIXINJISHUDEYANFA,YIQIDADAOJINKUAIJIANSHAOZHONGJINSHUDUIHUANJINGWEIHAIDEMUDE[26]。

1.jpg

金陵棋牌3 ZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUDEDUXINGXIAOYINGJIJIZHI

3.1 ZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUDEDUXINGXIAOYING

ZHONGJINSHUZHUYAOTONGGUOYIXIA3ZHONGTUJINGJINRUSHUISHENGDONGWUTINEI:1)SHUISHENGDONGWULIYONGSAIDENGQIGUANJIANGRONGJIEZAISHUIZHONGDEZHONGJINSHULIZIXISHOUZHITINEI,RANHOUJIANGZHONGJINSHUXUJIZAIPIFUBIAOMIANXIBAOHUOJINGGUOXUEYESHUSONGZHITINEIDEGEGEQIGUANHUOZUZHI;2)SHUISHENGDONGWUTONGGUOSHEQUSHIWUDENGFANGSHI,JIANGZHONGJINSHUTONGGUOXIAOHUADAOXISHOU,JINERJINRUTINEI;3)TONGGUOPIXIACENGJIANGZHONGJINSHUXISHOU,ZAITONGGUOZHONGJINSHUYUTIBIAODESHENTOUJIAOHUANZUOYONGJINRUTINEI[51]。

金陵棋牌3.1.1 ZHONGJINSHUDESHENGWULEIJIZUOYONG

SHUITIZHONGDEZHONGJINSHUYIDANJINRUSHENGWUTINEI,BUYIBEIDAIXIE、FENJIE、PAICHUTIWAI,FEICHANGRONGYIZAIDONGWUGANSHENDENGQIGUANNEIFUJI。OlivaresDENG[52]ZHENGSHI,TONGGUOYUJITINEIJINSHUJIEHEDANBAIRUJINSHULIUDANBAIXIANGJIEHE,SHIZHONGJINSHUZAISHENGWUTINEIFUJIDEZHUYAOJIZHI。RainbowDENG[53]YANJIUFAXIAN,SHENGWUTISHERUZHONGJINSHUDEGUOCHENGWUXUXIAOHAONENGLIANG,QIEBUYIBEIPAICHUTIWAI,JINERCHENGXIANCHUDUXINGDELEIJIXIAOYING。QINHUAWEIDENG[54]YANJIULE6ZHONGZHONGJINSHUDUI3ZHONGHAISHUIYANGZHISHENGWUDEJIXINGDUXINGXIAOYINGSHIFAXIAN,ZAIJINGGUO96 hDECHULIHOU,3ZHONGSHENGWUTINEIZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGMINGXIANZENGJIA。SUNNIDENG[55]ZAIYANJIUZHANJIANGGANGHAIQUCHENJIWUHEHAIYANGSHENGWUZHONGZHONGJINSHUDEFUJITEZHENGSHIFAXIAN,ZAICHENJIWUZHONGDEZHONGJINSHUCHUCdWAI,QITAHANLIANGJUNGAOYUQIZAIHAIYANGSHENGWUTIZHONGDEHANLIANG;ZAIZHANJIANGGANGLIUYUDESHENGWUTINEIZHONGJINSHUCu、Zn、CdCUNZAIYANZHONGDEFUJILEIJIQINGKUANG;RUANTILEIHEJIAQIAOLEIDUIZHONGJINSHUHgHEPbDEFUJINENGLIXIANGDANG,ERRUANTILEICONGCHENJIWUZHONGFUJIZHONGJINSHUSnHECdDENENGLIQIANGYUJIAQIAOLEI,FUJIZHONGJINSHUCuDENENGLIRUOYUJIAQIAOLEI。RzymskiDENG[56]YANJIUSHUANGQIAOLEIDUIBUTONGZHONGJINSHUFUJIQINGKUANGBIAOMING,SHUANGQIAOLEIDUIZHONGJINSHUCuHECdDEFUJINENGLIFEICHANGGAO。Topcuowidth=6,height=16,dpi=110luDENG[21]YANJIULEZHONGJINSHUZAITUERQIHEIHAISHUISHENGSHENGWUTINEIDEHANLIANG,JIEGUOBIAOMING,Pb、CdHECrDENGZAIRUANTIDONGWUHEBEILEITINEIFUJILIANGZUIGAO,FeHEZnFUJILIANGZUISHAO。

3.1.2 SHENGWUZAOQIFAYUDUXING

ZAIYULEIDEPEITAIQIHEZIYUQIZAOQIFAYUJIEDUAN,HENRONGYIBEIZHONGJINSHUSHANGHAI,ZHONGJINSHUYIDANJINRUYOUTI,KEYUSHENGWUTINEIDEHESUAN、MEI、WEISHENGSU、JISUDENGWUZHIFASHENGFANYING,GAIBIANQIHUAXUEJIEGOUHESHENGWUHUOXING,JINERDUIYICHUANFAYU、NEIFENMIYIJIZHONGSHUSHENJINGDENGDUOGEXITONGDEGONGNENGCHANSHENGSUNHAI、YINQIBINGBIANSHENZHISIWANGDENG[57-59]。GUOYONGYONGDENG[60]YANJIULESANXIAKUQUSHUIYANGZHONGZHONGJINSHUDUIBANMAYU(Brachydanio rerio)PEITAIFAYUDEDUXING,JIEGUOBIAOMING,JING7 dBAOLUHOU,SUIRANSUOYOUBANMAYUPEITAIDEFUHUALV、XIANGDUICHENGHUOLVHEJIXINGLVBINGWUMINGXIANCHAYI,DANYOUYUTINEISHENGZHIXIANGGUANJIYIN、SHENJINGFAYUXIANGGUANJIYINJUNXIANZHUXIAJIANG。ZHANGYAHUIDENG[61]ZAICAIYONGBANMAYUPEITAIZAOQIFAYUJISHUCEDINGCuHECd 2ZHONGZHONGJINSHUDUIPEITAIFAYUDEDUXINGXIAOYING,FENBIEYI24 hHE72 hSHIDADAOZHISIHEPEITAIFUHUAYIZHIWEIZHONGDIANSHIFAXIAN,ZHONGJINSHUCuHECdDUIBANMAYUPEITAIJUYOUMINGXIANDEDUXINGZUOYONG。GarcíaDENG[62]YANJIUFAXIAN,HAIYANGDUOMAOGANGDONGWUSHACAN(Nereis succinea)DEPEITAIHEYOUCHONGDUIAgGENGMINGAN,BAOLUYUAgNO3ZHONGXIANZHUZENGJIALEPEITAIDEZHISILVHEJIBIANLV。MunleyDENG[63]YANJIUFAXIAN,SHUISHENGWONIU(Fruticicolidae)BAOLUYUZHONGJINSHUCo、Cu、Pb、NiZHONG28 dHOU,YIZHILEQIZAOQIPEITAISHENGZHANG,56 d HOUYIZHILEQICHANLUANLIANG。CHUCIZHIWAI,Cu、PbHEZnDENGZHONGJINSHUDOUNENGGOUXIANZHUYINGXIANGSHENGWUZAOQIPEITAIDEFAYUHEFUHUA,JINERDAOZHIPEITAIFAYUYANCHIDEHOUGUO[64]。

3.1.3 SHENGWUMIANYIDUXING

金陵棋牌TONGCHANGRENWEI,DIJILIANGNONGDUDEZHONGJINSHUHUODUANQIDEBAOLUJUYOUMIANYICIJIZUOYONG,CUSHISHENGWUTIXUEXIBAODETUNSHIHUOXINGZENGQIANG[65, 66],DANSHIGAOJILIANGNONGDUZHONGJINSHUHUOZHANGQIBAOLUNENGGOUXIANZHUGANRAOSHENGWUXIBAODETUNSHINENGLI,ZHUYAOSHIYINWEIZAICIGUOCHENGZHONGZHONGJINSHUNENGGOUYUXIBAOMOJIEHE,CONGERGAIBIANXIBAOMODELIUDONGXINGHEXIBAOMOSHANGLIZIBENGDETONGTOUXING,XIBAOMOWENDINGXINGXIAJIANG,ZAOCHENGTUNSHIHUOXINGJIANGDI[67, 68]。PaulDENG[69]ZAIYANJIUPbDUIDANSHUIYUDEMIANYIDUXINGZUOYONGSHIFAXIAN,PbGANRAOLECHANGJUSHIXIBAODESHIJUNZUOYONGHEXIBAOZHANZHELI,TONGSHIXUEQINGZHONGDEZHONGLIUHUAISIYINZIHANLIANGYEMINGXIANXIAJIANG。QinDENG[70]BAODAOCHENGZHONGJINSHUCdBAOLUYINGXIANGLEXIXIE(Potaae)TINEIDEMEIHUOXING。VijayavelDENG[71]BIAOMING,NiBAOLUCUSHIQINGXIEXUELINBANEICHAOYANGYINLIZIDESHENGCHENGJITUNSHIZUOYONGDEZENGQIANG,DANSHIYOUXIANZHUYIZHIFENYANGHUAMEIDEHUOXING。ChandurvelanDENG[72]YANJIUBIAOMING,ZHONGJINSHUCdBAOLUNENGZENGJIAHEBANGTINEIQITUNSHIZUOYONGDESHIJIANLIXIBAOHESHISUANLIXIBAOHANLIANG,BINGSHIXIBAONEIDNAFASHENGXIANZHUDESUNSHANG。

3.1.4 JIYINTUBIANHEBIANYI

金陵棋牌ZHONGJINSHUYIDANJINRUSHENGWUTINEIHOUHUIFASHENGFUJINONGSUO,DANGZHONGJINSHUJILIANGNONGDUCHAOGUOYIDINGLIANGHUOZHANGQIBAOLUHOUHUIDUISHENGWUTIZUZHIQIGUANZAOCHENGSUNSHANG,BINGYOUDAODALIANGDEHUOXINGYANG(ROS)JIQINDIANZIDAIXIECHANWUCHANSHENG,JINERYUDNAFENZIJIEHE,SHIDESHENGWUTINEIDEXIBAOSHOUDAOWAIJIEHUANJINGDEYANGHUAGONGJI,DAOZHISHENGWUTINEIZHIZHIFASHENGYIXILIEDEFANYING,RUGUOYANGHUAFANYING、YICHUANWUZHIGAIBIAN、JIANJIHETANGJIYANGHUA,JINERZAOCHENGMOUXIEXIBAOSIWANGHUOAIBIAN[73-75]。HixDENG[76]YANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING,DNAZAIBEITIELIZIYOUDAOYIHOUCHANSHENGDEDALIANGJIAJIZIYOUJIGONGJISHI,HUIYINQIDNAGAODUJIAJIHUA。Pfohl-LeszkowiczDENG[77]DEYANJIUYEBIAOMING,ZHONGJINSHULIZINENGGOUXIANZHUYIZHIJIAJIZHUANYIMEIDEHUOXING,ZHONGJINSHUQIAN、TONGYIJIXINLIZIDENGJUNNENGYIZHI5-JIAJIZHUANYIMEIDEHUOXING。RossielloDENG[78]DEYANJIUYEBIAOMINGLEPbNENGYINQIDNADIDUJIAJIHUA。TANGJIANXUNDENG[79]ZAIYANJIUZHONGJINSHUCu、PbDANYINZIJILIANHEDUXINGDUINIQIU(Misgurnus anguillicaudatus)LUANXIBAODNADESUNSHANGXIAOYINGSHIFAXIAN,JUNZAOCHENGNIQIULUANXIBAODNASUNSHANG,JUYOUJIYINDUXING。TONGSHI,XINGWENZHEN[80]YANJIUBIAOMING,PbHECrDUINIQIUJUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEYICHUANDUXINGXIAOYING,QIEDUXINGXIAOYINGZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIASUIZHECHULINONGDUDEZENGDAHECHULISHIJIANDEYANZHANGERZENGQIANG,DADAOYIDINGNONGDUHESHIJIANHOUDUXINGXIAOYINGZEHUIBEIYIZHI。

金陵棋牌3.1.5 NEIFENMIGANRAODUXING

ZHONGJINSHUBAOLUDAOZHIGAOXUEYAHETANGNIAOBINGDENGDAIXIEJIBINGDEJIZHIZHIYIKENENGSHIZHONGJINSHU、YOUJILVNONGYAOHEDUOLVLIANBENDOUSHIDIANXINGDENEIFENMIGANRAOWU,JINRUSHENGWUTINEIJIUKEYIDUIJISUHECHENGHEFENMICHANSHENGGANRAO,BINGXINGCHENGNEIFENMIGANRAODUXING,RUZHONGJINSHUCd、Mn、CrDENGYUANSUHUIZENGJIADAIXIEWENLUANDEFABINGLV,JINSHULEINEIFENMIGANRAOWUBAOLUHOUKEZENGJIAYANGHUAYINGJIBINGYOUDAOXIANLITIGONGNENGWENLUANDEFENGXIAN[81]。CHENGNIANDEDAXIYANGSHISHOUYU(Micropogonias undulatus)BAOLUYUYAZHISINONGDUDEPb、CdDENGZHONGJINSHUHOUZAOCHENGXUEYELEIGUCHUNNONGDU、LUANCHAOLEIGUCHUNFENMIHUODONGHELUANCHAOFAYUXIANZHUSHANGSHENGHUOXIAJIANG[82]。MUWEINA[83]YANJIUBIAOMING,CdBAOLUDUILIYU(Cyprinus carpio)XUEJIANGZHONGJIAZHUANGXIANJISUCHANSHENGJIAODADEGANRAOXIAOYING。LUOYONGJU[84]ZAIYANJIUCdDUIJIFULUOFEIYU(Oreooms mossambcus)DUXINGXIAOYINGJIFANZHILIYINGXIANGGUOCHENGZHONGFAXIAN,CdNENGGOUTISHENGXUEQINGZHONGCIERCHUNDEHANLIANG,DANDUIGAOWANTONGHANLIANGYINGXIANGBUMINGXIAN。ZAIJIYINSHUIPING,CdNENGGOUTIGAOLUANCHAOZHONGCIJISUSHOUTI(estrogen receptor, ER)DEBIAODA,DANCdBAOLUKEYIYIZHILUANHUANGDANBAIYUAN(vitellogenin, VTG)DESHENGCHENG。ZAIJINGCHAOZHONG,CdTONGGUOTIGAOTANGPIZHIJISUSHOUTI(glucocorticoid receptor, GR)DEBIAODAYIZHIJINGXIBAOHEJINGZIDEFAYU。LINGWAI,CAIYONGJINGGUO60 dBUTONGCdBAOLUZUDELUOFEIYUPEIZUFANZHIHOUDAI,YANJIUCdDUILUOFEIYUXIANGDUICHANLUANLIANG、CHUMIAOSHU、FUHUALVYIJIQIXINGLVDEYINGXIANG。LiDENG[85]YANJIUFAXIAN,TIAOYU(minnow)YOUTIBAOLUYUZHONGJINSHUHg 4 dHOU,TINEICUSHENSHANGXIANPIZHIJISUSHIFANGJISU,JIAZHUANGXIANQIUDANBAI、JIAZHUANGXIANSHOUTIαHEβJIYINBIAODABEIXIANZHUYOUDAO,JIAZHUANGXIANSUT3HET4HANLIANGZENGJIA。

金陵棋牌3.2 ZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGSHENGWUDEDUXINGXIAOYINGJIZHI

金陵棋牌3.2.1 ZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGDONGWUDEDUXINGXIAOYINGJIZHI

YIXIESHUISHENGDONGWUZHANGQISHENGHUOZAIYOUZHONGJINSHUCUNZAIDEHUANJINGZHONG,KEDIAOZHENGZISHENDESHENGLISHENGHUAZHIBIAO,YITIGAODUIZHONGJINSHUDEYINGJIXINGHENAISHOUXING。LIRU,YULEIZHANGQISHENGHUOZAIYOUZHONGJINSHUWURANDESHUITIZHONG,QITINEIHUICHANSHENGXIANGYINGDEDANBAIZHIHEMEILAIDIKANGTINEIDEZHONGJINSHULIZI,RUREJIDANBAI(heat shock protein, HSP)、JINSHULIUDANBAI(metallothionein, MT)、ZHUANTIEDANBAI(transferrins,TF)、GUGUANGGANTAIZHUANYIMEI(glutathione transferase, GT)、GUOYANGHUAQINGMEI(catalase, CAT)、CHAOYANGHUAWUQIHUAMEI(superoxide dismutase, SOD)DENG,CONGERJIANQINGZHONGJINSHUDUIXIBAODESUNSHANG[86]。ZHONGJINSHURUCd、HgDENGJINRUSHENGWUTINEI,HUIYUTINEIQITAWUZHIFASHENGJINGZHENGZUOYONG,CISHI,MTDEQIUJINENGYUYOUHAIZHONGJINSHUFASHENGJIEHEFANYING,CONGERFAHUIJIEDUZUOYONG,JINERJIANGZHONGJINSHUDENGYOUHAIWUZHIPAICHUTIWAI[87]。SODNENGGOUQIHUACHAOYANGYINLIZIZIYOUJICHANSHENGH2O2,CONGERBADUIYOUJITIYOUHAIDEZIYOUJIQINGCHU,CATKEJIANGH2O2CUIHUASHENGCHENGWUHAIDEH2OHEO2,TONGSHIHAIYUSOD、PODCHANSHENGXIETONGZUOYONG,QINGCHUTINEIDUOYUDEZIYOUJIHEGUOYANGHUAWU。XuDENG[88]FAXIAN,MTBIAODALIANGZAIBEIZHONGJINSHUCdXIEPOYOUDAOHOUHUISHENGGAO,SHIDEQIANGJIHEGUOYANGHUAWUDEYIBEIQINGCHU,CUSHIJITICHANSHENGDIYUYANGHUADEYINGJIFANYING。ChenDENG[89]YANJIULEDAHUANGYUGANZANGZHONGZHUANTIEDANBAIZAIZHONGJINSHUCdLIZIBAOLUXIADEHANLIANGBIANHUAQINGKUANGSHI,FAXIANQIXUEQINGZHONGDETIELIZIJINGZHONGJINSHUCdLIZICHULIHOUXUNSUSHENGGAO,ZAI24 hDADAOZUIDAZHI,HOUHUANMANXIAJIANGBINGDADAOCHUSHIZHENGCHANGZHI。HansenDENG[90]JIANGZUN(Salmo playtcephalus)BAOLUYUHANCdHEZnDESHUITI15 dQIJIAN,FAXIANSAIZHONGCdHEZnYOUXIANZHUXISHOU,QIECdDESHUIPINGYUSODZHUANLUDESHUIPINGCUNZAIXIANZHUDEXIANGGUANXING。CIWAI,SHUISHENGDONGWUZAISHOUDAOZHONGJINSHUWURANSHIHUIFENMIFENGFUDENIANYE,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEYITIGAODUIZHONGJINSHUDENAISHOUXING[91]。

3.2.2 ZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGZHIWUDEDUXINGXIAOYINGJIZHI

金陵棋牌SHUISHENGZHIWUDEZHONGJINSHUDUXINGXIAOYINGZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIPOHUAIXIBAOMOJIEGOU、YIZHIHUXIZUOYONG、GUANGHEZUOYONG、SHENGZHANGFAYUGUOCHENG,YIJIDUIYICHUANWUZHIDEDUHAIDENGSHENGLISHENGHUAGUOCHENG。ZHONGJINSHUJINRUZHIWUTINEIHUIGAIBIANKANGYANGHUAMEIHUOXING、YOUFAROSCHANSHENG、YINQIYANGHUASUNSHANGXIAOYING,TONGSHIHAIHUITONGGUOGANRAOYIXIEXIBAONEIDEZHUANLUYINZIHUOXING、YOUFAXIBAODIAOWANGDENG,GANRAOZHIWUTINEIZHENGCHANGDESHENGLI、SHENGHUAFANYING[11, 92]。FUGUIQUANDENG[93]ZAIYANJIUCuXIEPODUIBANYEMAWEIZAO(Sargassum hemiphyllum)SHENGZHANGJISHENGLISHENGHUATEXINGDEYINGXIANGSHIFAXIAN,SHIDANGZHILIANGNONGDUDECuXIEPO(≤0.05 mg/L)DUIBANYEMAWEIZAOSHENGZHANGHESHENGLISHENGHUAZHIBIAOYOUZHENGMIANXIAOYING,ERGUOGAOZHILIANGNONGDUCuXIEPO(0.05 mg/L)DUIZAOTISHENGZHANGHEKANGNINENGLIYOUYIDINGDEFUMIANYINGXIANG。JIANMINFEIDENG[94]YANJIUCd、PbXIEPOXIASHIDIZHIWUDINGXIANGLIAO(Ludwigia prostrata)DESHENGLISHENGHUATEZHENGSHIFAXIAN,DINGXIANGLIAOSHENGZHANGSHOUDAOXIANZHUYIZHI,YELVSUa、bJIYELVSUa+bDEHANLIANGSUIZHONGJINSHUNONGDUSHENGGAOCHENGXIAJIANGQUSHI,DUIDINGXIANGLIAOTINEIDECHAOYANGHUAWUQIHUAMEIHUOXINGDEYINGXIANGBIAOXIANCHUBUTONGDEQUSHI。YEYOUYANJIUBIAOMING,ZAIGAONONGDUCuCHULIXIA,SHUIQIN(Oenanthe javanica)ZHUGAOHEGENSHUDOUXIANZHUJIANSHAO,XIANZHONGSHENGWULIANGYEMINGXIANJIANGDI,TONGSHIYELVSUZONGLIANG、YELVSUaHEKERONGXINGDANBAIZONGTIJUNCHENGXIAJIANGQUSHI[95]。LINGWAI,ZHIWUXIBAODECHAOWEIJIEGOUJIXIBAOMODETONGTOUXING,SHENGZHANGFAYU、SHUIFENJIYINGYANGYUANSUDEXISHOUDAIXIE、GUANGHEZUOYONG、HUXIZUOYONG、TINEIDEKANGYANGHUAMEIHUOXING、TINEIDEYICHUANWUZHIDENGFANGMIANYESHOUDAOZHONGJINSHUDEYANZHONGYINGXIANG[96]。

金陵棋牌3.2.3 ZHONGJINSHUDUISHUISHENGWEISHENGWUDEDUXINGXIAOYINGJIZHI

金陵棋牌XIJUNHEZHENJUNSHISHUISHENGTAIXITONGZHONGCHANGJIANDEWEISHENGWU,SHISHENGWUDEFENJIEZHEHEWEIXINGXIAOFEIZHE,TONGSHIYESHICHUJISHENGCHANZHE,LIRUZIYANGJUNLEIGUANGHEXIJUNDENG。WEISHENGWUTONGGUOXIBAOCISHENGDAIXIECHANWURUYOUJISUAN、TANGDANBAI、DUOTANGDENGDEFENMILAIZENGQIANGXIBAODUIZHONGJINSHUXIEPODENGHUANJINGDESHIYIXING,ZHEIXIEBAOWAIDAIXIEWUKAOHEZHONGJINSHULIZIJIEHELAITIGAOXIBAODEKANGNIXING,DANSHI,ZHONGJINSHULIZICHANGCHANGHUIDUISHENGWUTICHANSHENGYANGHUASUNSHANGZUOYONG,JINERYOUDAOCHANSHENGGUOLIANGDEYANGZIYOUJI,ZAOCHENGSHENGWUTIDEXIBAOMOBEIPOHUAI,TONGSHIPOHUAISHENGWUTIZHENGCHANGDEHUXIDAIXIETUJING[97]。ZHANGBOWENDENG[97]YANJIULEFUYANGHEHELIUSHUITIZHONGZHONGJINSHUDUIQINGHAIHUJUNQ67DUXING,ZHONGJINSHULIZIYIZHILEHAIYUANXINGHUANGSUDANHEGANSUANYUYANGHUAXINGHUANGSUDANHEGANSUANHUOXING,SHIDETAMENZHIJIANDEZHUANHUABUNENGZHENGCHANGJINXING。XUPIAO[98]YONGBAIFUZHENJUNXIFUZHONGJINSHUJIEGUOFAXIAN,GAONONGDUCdXIEPOKEXIANZHUYIZHIHUANGBAOYUANMAOPINGGEJUNDESHENGZHANG,BINGDAOZHIJUNSITIXINGTAIBIANHUAYIJIMUZHISUJIANGJIEMEIXI(LiPHEMnP)HUOXINGJIANGDI。ZHOUSHANGYANGDENG[99]YINGYONGJIYINZHONGZUFAGUANGJUNE.coli HB101 pUCD607YANJIULEZn2+、Cu2+、Hg+DEDANYIDUXINGHEERYUANHUNHETIXIDELIANHEDUXING,SHIYANJIEGUOBIAOMING,DANYIZHONGJINSHULIZIDUIJIYINZHONGZUFAGUANGJUNDEDUXINGSHUNXUWEIHg+>Zn2+>Cu2+。

4 JIELUNYUZHANWANG

SHUITIZHONGJINSHUWURANYIJINGCHENGWEIYIGEQUANQIUXINGDEWENTI,ZHONGJINSHUYIDANJINRUSHUITIJIANGBUNENGBEIQUCHU,ZHINENGTONGGUOYIXILIEDEWULIHUAXUEFANYINGSHIZHONGJINSHUFASHENGXINGTAISHANGDEQIANYI、ZHUANHUA,ZUIZHONGZAISHUITIGEZUFENZHIJIANXINGCHENGYIGEFUZADETIXI。MUQIAN,SHIJIEGEGUODEZHUANJIAXUEZHEDUIZHONGJINSHUDEDUXINGXIAOYING、JIZHIDENGFANGMIANYIJINGZUOLEHENDUOYANJIU,ZAIHOUXUDEYANJIUGONGZUOZHONG,TICHUYIXIAJIDIANJIANYI:

1)YOUYUYIXIEXINXINGWURANWURUKANGSHENGSU、WEISULIAODENGJINRUSHUITI,LIANHESHUITIKELIWU、RONGJIEXINGYOUJIWU (dissolved organic material, DOM)DENGYUZHONGJINSHUXINGCHENGYIGEGENGWEIFUZADETIXI,SHUIHUANJINGYINZIDUIJINSHUSHENGWUYOUXIAOXINGDEYINGXIANGHEJIZHIYANJIUYINGCHENGWEIYANJIUZHONGDIAN。

2)YIXIEZHONGJINSHUKENENGSHIWEILIANGJIDE,DANZHONGJINSHUZAIQIANYI、ZHUANHUAGUOCHENGZHONGSHIFOUFASHENGDUXINGXIAOYINGDEGAIBIANYINGGAIBEICHIXUZHUIZONG,BINGJIANLIXIANGYINGDEMOXING,YIJIANDU、YUCE、PINGGUZHONGJINSHUDEDUXINGBIANHUAQINGKUANG。

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